A global supply chain typically never gets a second thought, and many people aren't aware of what it is beyond blaming "supply chain issues" for their late packages.
FREMONT, CA: Maritime supply chain refers to cargo movement and related support between two locations using maritime (ocean) and land transport. It includes freight forwarders, shipping lines, port terminal operators, and land-based logistics systems.
Freight forwarders are organizations or individuals that organize the shipment of goods, whereas shipping lines own and operate the vessels that transport goods across the ocean. Maritime terminal operators own or lease the port space where goods are delivered, with a land-based logistics system managing them.
These are integral contact points and must be in constant communication to avoid delays or misdirected shipments. Without careful planning, observance, and rerouting, inclement weather, overcrowded ports, and congested shipping routes can wreak havoc on any shipment.
This system has existed globally for hundreds of years, causing merchants to explore the globe in search of better routes, spices, and valuable materials. However, in today's world, the maritime supply chain has become highly dynamic and intricate to accommodate the expansion of technology, consumer preferences, and international trade patterns.
There are multiple contact points within the maritime supply chain. Among these are external suppliers, internal departments, external distributors, and consumers. Many factors should be considered, including customer expectations, technological advancements, globalization, competition, government regulation, and sustainability.